Have you ever wondered what happens to artists who walk in our hearts? My experience is that they stay there forever: they shake you, their work resonates… ! Last year, as Joanne Grüne-Yanoff was still living under Finnish skies, I had the privilege to attend her distinctive Finnish shows, and also visit her studio, to discuss her work at length. Now that she lives in Stockholm (a city to keep under watch regarding its contemporary art) and exhibits at the epicentre of contemporary art (Berlin), the beat goes on and on… with “Okay!” a multimedia exhibition where every piece resonates with the other.
– Your current work in the Berlin exhibition”Okay!” at Galerie Helga Maria Bischoff seems to burst with glamour (the use of the feathers surrounding the “Feather Box (that’s okay!)” video, for example, like a cushion of personal comfort, or “Feather Point” the video with the feet on feathers; a freed sensual layer on your unchanged conceptual vocabulary, which is now enriched by video. Have you used video as a form of expression before?
– I have been walking around with a secret stash of videos in my pocket for years; last year, I let Kalhama & Piippo Contemporary in Helsinki see a few, and they had a great response, and immediately chose one to show at their summer exhibition in Savonlinna. I thought Berlin was a good place to begin showing more, and that will continue.
– Can you talk about the idea of glamour and the videos?
In the split-screen video object (Feather Box (that’s okay!), I liked the softness and luxury of this feather nest that the viewer walks up to, only to find this intense woman, repeatedly assuring “That’s ok!” in smiling jump cuts, while on the other side, crossed legs calmly sit, crashing eggshells to the ground.
Similarly, in the video “Feather Point” two feet carefully, cautiously, feel out their surroundings, trying from time to time to stand on point, trying, nearly doing, coming back down, trying again; the sound of something creaking – maybe bone, maybe wood, maybe some outside shift – as accompaniment to the sometimes falling feathers.
The dichotomies presented are underscored by sound; it gives rawness and fragility to the seamlessness of the videos, marking them with a different speed and energy, breaking the quiet poetry of the feet, crashing the developed surface of the smiling woman, the controlled legs.
The videos are seductive and poignant and beautiful and dark and brutal and painful. I suppose glamour can be summarized similarly.
– Do you think that your use of materials, say, in the cases we just talked about, are particularly feminine?
I would posit that because I am a woman, the use of materials is viewed as particularly feminine. If I were a man, the use of materials would be viewed as containing a boldness, profundity, irony, complexity, strength, etc. Yawn.
– Matthew Barney comes immediately to mind
– Or Broodthaers’ use of eggshells, Mike Kelly’s knitted objects, Beuys putting things in glass vitrines, Duchamp in cages, Hirst’s use of sparkles and butterflies, Cornell’s boxes… The issue is not the endless list of male artists that have not been called on for a feminine use of materials, but the manner of seeing through lenses that correlate the feminine with weakness and the masculine with strength, which, of course, is another conversation.
– Continuing along gender lines, in a recent article in the Berlin magazine J’N’C, you were compared to
a female Bruce Nauman. I like this comparison: You create an hypnotic tension in the videos; they can make people uncomfortable in “Feather Point”, for example, we have the sound of cracking bones and muscles stretching to the point that they shake, close to breaking, etc. and at the same time, they are so aesthetically pleasing (a dancer’s shaped pair of legs, feathers falling like snow in a Robert Frost poem). They really lure you in and hold you there, in a very unsettling, sometimes even painful, place. Maybe your insistence on maintaining beauty while expressing such complex darkness is what makes the female part of the comparison. What do you think?
I think it’s a tremendous compliment, however you cut it.
– With this exhibition, you also reveal more of yourself – you use your image in the videos, in the drawings.
I have used my own image for years, and that has been out of necessity. I’m generally around and available, and I grasp quickly what needs to come across.
– The piece Butterfly Box (Mütter Museum) is one of my favourite pieces from your current exhibition. Can you talk a little bit about that? Where does it come from?
When I was a child, I often went the Mütter Museum in Philadelphia, USA. The Mütter is a museum originally founded to educate future doctors about anatomy and human medical anomalies. My father, a physician, often brought me there when I was a little kid, and for me it was a portal to another world. Fantastic.
There were shelves of fascinating objects like old medical instruments, anatomical and pathological specimens and models, and row upon row of drawers to open filled with such things as models of eardrums. I loved that place, opening and closing drawers, peering into jars, staring at a skeleton of a woman whose rib-cage was compressed by tight lacing. Such stories in these objects – each, a microcosm of a secret world. That place certainly impacted the work I make; the quiet there, the sound of the drawers opening, the smells, the light — all etched inside me. The box is part of that – an echo of those hours.
In this exhibition, “Butterfly Box (Mütter museum)” finds an apparent
resonance/continuity with the superb and airy “Wings, Pins, Spine” that is very close to the work I saw last year at Kalhama&Piippo Contemporary in Helsinki (Joanne Grüne-Yanoff encased materials like eggshells, butterfly wings, moss, honey, feathers, etc. in everyday PVC). Can you talk about the symbolism of the materials in your work and that piece?
In my work, wings represent the constant presence of change, feathers the (human) desire to be something else, eggshells the tenacity and fragility of life. I take walks, in life, in general, and collect things. In “Wings, Pins, Spine” I liked the idea of taking these everyday treasures, often organic, and often revered to the point of kitsch, and encasing them in something also everyday, decidedly human-made and not organic, looked down upon to the point of being demonized. I like that these fragile found bits, caught in time, are held forever, in shapes that will stay as they are, representing change. The piece is a delicate series of dualities, held together by fine, sharp pins, to create a spine.
– You studied literature and love the strengths and materiality of words. What is the relation of your visual work with text?
It’s all storytelling of one sort or another. Over the years my work has contained a certain automatic writing. Thoughts and ideas come up and go onto and into the work; a catharsis that in the past I kept relatively unintelligible, so that it wouldn’t become too didactic. Now the text is entirely readable. There is movement toward a more direct interaction.
– I love your ability to explore materials and employ a variety of media to support your poetical expression – this exhibition alone spans from works on paper to sculpture, and video, all in a tight dialogue, each enriching the other – recalling the versatility of Rebecca Horn, Ann Hamilton and the already referred to Bruce Nauman and Matthew Barney. Still, I wonder if you are ever tempted about narrowing your focus to one form?
Well, I just make stuff. I often try to stay in one media or another, but certain ideas call for certain materials in my head. So that’s that.
MORE ART VIBES
FROM JOANNE GRÜNE-YANOFF’s WORK http://www.joannegruneyanoff.com/
* Joanne’s exhibition “You Walked In My Heart And The Beat Goes On” at Kalham&Piippo Contemporary http://www.kalhamapiippo.com/ – more details in Joanne’s portrait http://ruxandrabp.wordpress.com/2010/10/16/joanne-grune-yanoff-an-artist’s-walk-in-our-hearts/
Text: Ruxandra Balboa-Pöysti